How was your long weekend? Nice to have that kind of family time, yes? And, of course, it’s sobering to remember the sacrifice made by so many of our Louisville area veterans (and those outside the Louisville area as well, of course!).

It can be tempting for us to take a look around at all the chaos of our modern world (which, if we let it, comes right into our eyes through that device in our pocket), and feel like everything is spinning out of control. But we can remember that our veterans have faced much worse — and prevailed.

And thinking back to what we rightly call the “Greatest Generation”, during WWII, even those on the home front had meat on a weekly basis, sugar monthly, and faced a level of sacrifice we haven’t had to even think about.

So it’s only right that we paused to consider the sacrifice of so many men and women who went without so much — so that we could live the lives we have now.

I appreciate this reminder, during these seemingly turbulent times. Let’s not give up, in the face of our own fights!

So we move forward. And one of the areas that I’d like to see more of my Roberts CPA clients moving forward with is in the area of planning for the future, and when the unexpected might strike.

In the case of the recently-departed musician, Prince, his loved ones and families are having to deal with a huge mess, on top of their grief.

Certainly, I’m under no illusions that any rock-and-roll legends are reading this Note (though I’m sure Louisville has more than a few!), but all of us have many things that are precious to us, and we shouldn’t be under any illusions that we (or our loved ones) will be prepared for the unexpected … unless, of course, we prepare for the unexpected.

So, allow me to explain what it entails, and hopefully spark some thoughts for you about how best to prepare…

Kevin Roberts, Your Louisville Tax Expert On: What Really Happens To An Estate
“Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you.” -John Ruskin

There is some occasional confusion for Louisville area (and beyond) taxpayers about what happens when someone passes away, and what happens to their assets. If they have over $100K in assets, it is will be handled in one of three ways:

(1) if they had no will, their assets will be distributed as mandated by the state probate code through a court proceeding called probate;

(2) if the person had a valid will, the estate will still have to go through the probate process, but the court will carry out their wishes as stated in their will; or

(3) if the person had a valid living trust (and their assets were re-titled in the name of their living trust), their wishes would be carried out in private, without the court’s involvement.

So … why does it matter to you?

The answer to this question depends on how much you care about what your loved ones have to deal with after you are gone, and how much control you want to have as to who gets what, and when and how they get it.

If you do nothing, you get no input on any of these questions and the court and one of your eager family members/friends/creditors who petitions the court will make these decisions on your behalf through a process called probate. Why do you care about probate? Often, the probate process can take 12-16 months, can be extremely costly, and the process is completely public. The probate process can often lead to squabbling between family members and airs the family’s dirty laundry.

If a person leaves a valid will, it will still have to go through the probate process described above, but the court will have the benefit of knowing how you want your affairs handled. Instead of relying on the laws of intestate succession (which is the law that distributes your assets to your family members in the order of their relation to you), the court will pass on your assets to the specific people you have identified in your will.

Through a valid will, you can control WHO gets your assets, but you will have no control as to HOW and WHEN they get it.

A living trust (that has been properly funded), on the other hand, gives you more control. If you are working with a Louisville professional who has expertise in this field, you can control WHO gets your assets, and WHEN and HOW they get it without the court’s involvement. Even better — with a living trust, it is a private administration and can generally be handled in a short period of time.

You may be asking yourself: why would someone ever choose a will instead of a living trust?

Typically, a person will choose a will over a living trust for one of two reasons:

(1) they don’t know the difference between the two, or
(2) the “cost” of doing a living trust.

There are some obvious advantages to doing a living trust over a will, but starting with something is better than nothing. If you are not yet ready to make a leap into the world of living trusts, then a basic, will-based estate plan is a good starting point for most Louisville families.

In addition to giving the court direction about how you want your assets distributed, a will-based estate plan should also include your advance healthcare directive (which identifies the person(s) that will make healthcare decisions for you, if you’re incapacitated) and a durable power of attorney (which identifies the person(s) that will make financial and legal decisions, when you can’t).

While we all care about what happens to our assets, every person over the age of 18 needs to at least have an advance healthcare directive and durable power of attorney.

We’re a phone call away: (502) 426-0000.
We’d love to help … or we’ll point you in the right direction if we can’t.


Kevin Roberts
(502) 426-0000

Roberts CPA